Charted: Gender-Neutral Names in America

Electric vehicle charging stations across America: on the map

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As the electric vehicle market continues to expand, having enough EV charging stations is essential to reduce longer driving distances and reduced waiting times at chargers.

The U.S. currently has about 140,000 total EV chargers distributed across nearly 53,000 charging stations, still far more than the nation’s 145,000 gas refueling stations.

This graphic maps EV charging stations across the US using data from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The map is interactive when viewed on desktop, showing pricing structures and connector types and filtering options when hovering over a charging station.

Which countries lead in EV charging infrastructure?

As you can see from the map above, while the majority of electric vehicle charging stations in the US are located on the west and east coasts of the country, the Midwest strip is pretty sparse outside of Colorado.

California has the highest number of EV charging stations at 15,182, which is 29% of all charging stations in America. In fact, the Golden State has nearly double the chargers of the next three states, New York (3,085), Florida (2,858) and Texas (2,419).

Degree State Number of charging stations Share of US charging stations
1 California 15,182 28.7%
2 new York 3085 5.8%
3 Florida 2858 5.4%
4 Texas 2419 4.6%
5 Massachusetts 2328 4.4%
6 Washington 1810 3.4%
7 Colorado 1718 3.2%
8 Georgia 1596 3.0%
9 Maryland 1358 2.6%
10 Pennsylvania 1260 2.4%
US total 52,889 100.0%

It’s no surprise that the four highest GDP states have the most EV chargers, and California’s significant lead is unsurprising given its ambition to completely phase out new gas vehicle sales by 2035.

Top countries for EV charging speed and cost

While having lots of charging stations spread across the state is important, two other factors determine the ease of charging: cost and availability of charger level.

EV charger pricing structures and charger tier availability across the country is a Wild West with no set rules and few clear assumptions.

Find free electric vehicle chargers in the states

Generous EV charging stations offer unlimited free charging or 30 minutes to 4 hours of free charging before a charge is required. Some EV charging stations located in parking lots simply charge a parking fee, while others may have a flat charge per session, per kWh consumed, or an hourly rate.

While California leads the state in terms of the raw amount of free chargers available, it is the second-worst of the 10 states in terms of the percentage of chargers available, with only 11 percent free for 30 minutes or more.

Degree State name Number of free charging stations Percentage of free charging stations in the state
1 California 1717 11.3%
2 Florida 673 23.6%
3 new York 662 21.5%
4 Texas 606 25.1%
5 Maryland 399 29.4%
6 Georgia 360 22.6%
7 Washington 358 19.8%
8 Pennsylvania 318 25.2%
9 Colorado 273 15.9%
10 Massachusetts 150 6.4%
US total 10 295 19.5%

Meanwhile, Maryland leads the way with nearly 30 percent of chargers in the state offering at least 30 minutes of free charging. Massachusetts, on the other hand, is the worst state in the top 10, with only 6 percent of the state’s charging stations (out of 150) offering free charging to electric vehicle drivers.

Countries with the best DC fast charger

While free EV chargers are great, depending on how much you value your time, using fast chargers can also be important. Most EV drivers in the US will have access to Level 2 chargers, with over 86% of the nation’s charging stations having Level 2 chargers.

Although Level 2 charging (4-10 hours from empty to full charge) is faster than Level 1 charging (40-50 hours from empty to full charge), busy schedules and the first 30 among the many charging stations that are free to charge. minute, the presence of a city fast charger is almost a necessity.

Direct direct fast chargers can charge an electric vehicle from idle to 80% in 20-60 minutes, but today only a fraction of EV charging stations in America It is present in 12 percent.

Degree State Number of stations with fast chargers Percentage of existing DC fast charging stations in the state Percentage of free and permanent direct fast charging stations in the state
1 California 1756 11.6% 0.7%
2 Florida 360 12.6% 1.1%
3 Texas 276 11.4% 1.2%
4 Colorado 243 14.1% 1.1%
5 new York 234 7.6% 0.8%
6 Washington 232 12.8% 1.1%
7 Georgia 228 14.3% 1.4%
8 Maryland 223 16.4% 2.7%
9 Pennsylvania 134 10.6% 1.0%
10 Massachusetts 134 5.8% 0.2%
US total 6540 12.4% 0.9%

As for free stations, Maryland leads the top 10 states with the highest share of fast chargers at 16%. While Massachusetts is the worst state for charger availability at 6%, New York is the second worst at 8%, even though it has the most chargers. All other states in the top 10 have permanent chargers at least one in 10 charging stations.

As for the holy grail of charging stations, there are almost 1% of charging stations in the country with free charging and DC fast charging. So if you’re hoping for free and DC fast charging, your chances are one in 100 in most states.

The Future of America’s EV Charging Infrastructure

As America moves toward Biden’s goal of having half of all new cars sold be zero-emission vehicles (battery electric, plug-in hybrid electric, or fuel cell electric) by 2030, improving the accessibility and convenience of charging infrastructure across the country is critical. drivers.

The Biden administration has given early approval to 35 states’ EV infrastructure plans, giving them access to $900 million in funding as part of the $5 billion National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Formula program to be distributed over the next five years.

In addition to this program, a $2.5 billion discretionary grant program aims to increase access to EV charging in rural, underserved, and overburdened communities, as well as the Inflation Reduction Act’s EV charging support for economically disadvantaged communities. 3 billion dollars dedicated to support.

With more than $10 billion invested in EV charging infrastructure over the next five years, and more than half of that investment targeting communities with current low access, the availability of charging facilities across America will continue to improve in the coming years.


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